Glossary

Applicant

Person who submits an application for funding

Funding area

Geographical area eligible for funding

Loan

The act of lending; a grant of the temporary use of something

Grant

Sum of money that is given by the EU to be used for a particular purpose

Guarantee

A formal assurance (typically in writing) that certain conditions will be fulfilled, especially that a product will be repaired or replaced if not of a specified quality

Call

Thematically restricted time-limited tender for the preparation of funding applications

Employment

Concerning the labour market

Education

Including preschool, primary school, secondary school, universities, vocational training, etc.

Internal Market

Trade between countries from the EU

Services

Provision of immaterial goods

Development Cooperation

Aid provided in international relations with Third Countries

European Citizenship

Promoting a joint European identity

Fishery

(cf. agriculture and forestry)

Equal Rights

Referring to the rights of persons belonging to minorities, solidarity and equality between men and women, social inclusion, etc.

Infrastructure

Physical structures such as roads, buildings, power supplies, etc., as well as public services (cf. traffic and transport)

Innovation

Promote new methods, ideas, products, etc.

Capacity Building

Within organisations and institutions (for the individual's capacities, cf. education)

Disaster Prevention

measures that are meant to protect life, health or environment in case of a disaster, disaster preparedness (cf. risk management)

Youth

Target group youth (cf. education)

Climate

Relating to climate change, climate action, urban heat islands, etc.

SME

Small and Medium sized Enterprises

Agriculture and Forestry

(cf. fishery)

Rural Development

Including development opportunites for people who live in rural areas (cf urban development)

Media

Means of communication such as radio, television, newspapers, etc. (cf. telecommunication)

Mobility

Movement of people between places, jobs, social classes (sociology, for physical movement cf. transport and traffic)

Sustainability

Environmental science: Supporting long-term ecological balance by not harming the environment and depleting resources (cf. resources, environment, as well as nature conservation and biodiversity)

Nature conservation and biodiversity

Protection, management or restoration of natural resources like wildlife, forests, soil, water, etc. (cf. resources, sustainability and environment)

Social Affairs

Related to social welfare

Urban Development

Urban planning and organization; architecture and design (cf. rural development)

Technologies

Techniques and methods used for the production of goods or services (cf. telecommunication)

Telecommunication

Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Telephone, radio, television, computer networks, etc. (cf. media and technologies)

Transport

Movement of goods and vehicles used for it (for movement of people, cf. traffic and mobility)

Environment

Ecology: Air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors surrounding and affecting a given organism at any time (cf. resources, nature conservation and biodiversity and sustainability)

Traffic

Vehicles, pedestrians, etc. (cf. transport and infrastructure)

Administration

Public administration (political executive, e.g. the work of governmental agencies)

Ressources

Biological resources: Materials, energy, food, water, etc. (cf. Environment, sustainability, as well as nature protection and biodiversity)

Competitiveness

Ability of a business to successfully compete for customers and market space

Regional Development

Including Cohesion Policy, aimed at improving the economic well-being of regions and avoid regional disparaties

Risk Management

Human made risks, e.g. terrorism, (as opposed to natural disasters/disaster prevention)

Education and training centres

e.g. schools, adult education institutions, training centers, etc. (as opposed to University)

Lobby Group/Professional Association/Trade Union

Including charities (as opposed to Association)

International Organization

As defined by international law

SMEs (10 to 249 employees)

Small and medium sized enterprises (as opposed to enterprises)

Microenterprises (fewer than 10 employees)

Including individual entrepreneurs

NGO/NPO

Non Governmental Organization, Non Profit Organization

Start Up Company

Innovative recenly launched business enterprise

Enterprise (more than 249 employees)

(As opposed to SMEs and microenterprises)

Association

Leisure associations and clubs (as opposed to professional associations and lobby groups)

Public Services

e.g. public transport, cemetery, sports ground, hospital, etc.

Other

e.g. churches and religious groups

Candidate Countries
Turkey, Serbia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Montenegro, Albania